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The middle part of the region with sharply indented canyon of the Krka River and Čikola River, as well as Prukljansko Lake and Šibenik Canal, is divided into two parts, but at the same time the Krka River is a bond that has always been integrating the area of north and middle Dalmatia in one unique whole, i.e. the Šibenik area.

The town of Šibenik is a cultural and educational, administrative and economic centre of the region. There are numerous cultural institutions in the town - County Museum with departments: Archaeology, Culture and History, Ethnography, Gallery and Natural Science, Archive, Town Library, Office for cultural and natural heritage protection - Conservatory department Šibenik, Šibenik Theatre and International Children's Festival, St. Krševan's Gallery, Administration department of National Park "Krka", Šibenik glee club "Kolo" (since 1899).

St. Jacob's Cathedral distinguishes itself among numerous cultural and historical monuments by its beauty, special construction and style features, while it isn't only the biggest and most valuable building of Šibenik's constructional heritage, but also a unique monument of sacral construction entered in UNESCO's register on November 30, 2000.

The cathedral was erected on south side of the old city's middle square in place of Romanic church of St. Jacob. The idea about construction originated in 1298, when Šibenik was given a bishopric and town status. Decision on construction was made 1402. The construction wasn't commenced until 1431 and it lasted until 1536 with interruptions.

Šibenik was developed and existed for a longer period as a fortification - castrum only. With its geographic position it was of military and strategic importance on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea. Town community and all its sovereigns thus took great care regarding town's defence system by erecting, enhancing and maintaining city walls, towers and fortresses. The fortresses are most well preserved part of fortification system, among which following distinguish themselves:

St. Ann's Fortress erected on top of old city agglomeration on stone hill 70m above the sea. Until the beginning of the 15 th century it was pulled down couple of times and its size and appearance point to the fact that it comes from the period between the 15th and 17th century. It occupies 2.600m2. There is a spacious yard within the fortress. Remains of material culture, such as pottery from Iron Age B.C., were found in the northeast part and it is thus certain that Croats erected the fortress in place where once had been a building site of old Illyrians. The fortress had been damaged by gunpowder plant explosion twice (1663 and 1752), after which it was restored.

t. Nicholas's Fortress was built on the entrance to St. Anthony's Canal between 1535 and 1550. It had been build according to Venetian military architect Michiele Sammichelli's drafts. Its ground plan has triangle form. Its lower parts are made of white stone and upper parts of clay. The main entrance portal on the northeast side distinguishes itself among details of this Šibenik's renaissance fortification facility. From superstructures dating from Venetian period only two stone crowns of the well from the 17th century have been preserved. St. Nicholas's Fortress belongs to the category of the strongest naval fortification facilities on Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. It played an important part in defence of Šibenik against Turks. (1570. - 1573.)



Šibenik -The town of Šibenik, which was first mentioned in history 1066 during the reign of King Peter Krešimir IV, is the capital of the county Šibensko-kninska županija that has around 152 000 inhabitants in 12 municipalities, 194 districts and 5 towns. Šibenik has around 56 000 inhabitants.

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